Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

Beijing Tiananmen Tower
Tiananmen Tower
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Located at the center of Beijing City and the midpoint of Chang'an Avenue is the remarkable Tiananmen Square, where you can visit the Tiananmen Tower, Monument to the People's Heroes, Great Hall of the People, Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and see the national flag raising ceremony. Thousands of people come to the Square every day. It is the must place to visit in Beijing City.

At the north end of the Square is Tiananmen Tower. Initially built in 1417 during the Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D.- 1644 A.D.), the Square was the front door of the Forbidden City.

The most important use of it in the past was to declare in a big ceremony to the common people who became the emperor and who became the empress. Until 1911 when the last feudal kingdom was over, no one could enter the Tower except for the royal family and aristocrats. 


The granite Monument to the People's Heroes is just at the center of Tiananmen Square. Built in 1952, it is the largest monument in China's history. ' The People's Heroes are Immortal' written by Chairman Mao is engraved on the monument. Eight unusually large relief sculptures show to the people the development of Chinese modern history. Two rows of white marble railings enclose the monument, simple and beautiful.

West of Tiananmen Square is the Great Hall of the People. This building, erected in 1959, is the site of the China National People's Congress meetings and provides an impressive site for other political and diplomatic activities.Twelve marble posts are infront of the Hall which has three parts--the Central Hall, the Great Auditorium and a Banqueting Hall.The floor of the Central Hall is paved with marble and crystal lamps hang from the ceiling. The Great Auditorium behind the Central Hall seats 10,000. The Banqueting Hall is a huge hall with 5,000 seats.

Memorial Hall of Chairman Mao is at the south side of Tiananmen Square. This Hall is divided into three halls and Chairman Mao's body lies in a crystal coffin in one of the halls surrounded by fresh bouquets of various famous flowers and grasses.

National Museum of China
National Museum of China

Another important place for the tourist to visit is the China National Museum at the east side of Tiananmen Square. It just came into existence in 2003 and is a combination of Chinese History Museum and Chinese Revolutionary Museum. This National Museum faces the Great Hall of the People. Inside the Chinese Revolutionary Museum are a lot of material objects, pictures, books and models to present the development of modern China. The Chinese History Museum shows a large number of cultural relics illustrating the long history and glorious culture of China from 1,700,000 years ago to 1921 when the last emperor left the throne.


Flag-Raising Ceremony

Five Star Red Flag-the Chinese national flag, flies high in the sky above Tiananmen Square. To see the guard of honor raise the Flag is a must for the tourist visiting Beijing City. You have to get up very early and arrive at the Square before sunrise. Only by doing so can you see the ceremony clearly as there are crowds of people attending the ceremony every day. The reviewing stands flanking Tiananmen Tower on the west and east sides were opened up free on the first day of 2012 to the public to watch the flag rising ceremony. It is now available to group reservations for the opening day on the first day of each month.

See also: China National Day Parade, on Tiananmen Square Beijing

 Tiananmen Square FAQs

The present square has an area of 440,000 square meters and has become a relaxing place for the common people to fly kites and walk. On a holiday, the whole square is covered with fresh flowers.

How to get to Tiananmen Square

Monument to the People
Monument to People's Heroes

By Subway

1. Take Subway Line 1 to East Tiananmen or West Tiananmen Station.
2. Take Subway Line 2 and get off at Qianmen Station. Get out from Exit A or B and walk north.

By Bus

1. Take bus 1, 5, 52, Sightseeing Bus Line 1, Sightseeing Bus Line 2, and get off at West Tiananmen.
2. Take bus 1, 2, 52, 82, 120, Sightseeing Bus Line 1&2 to East Tiananmen. 
3. Take bus 2, 5, 120, or Sightseeing Bus Line 1&2, and get off at East Tiananmen Square.
4. Take bus 2, 120 or Sightseeing Bus Line 1&2 to West Tiananmen Square.
5. Take bus 22, 82, 137 or 599 to Qianmen East Station, then walk north to Tiananmen Square.

 See more:
How to Get from Beijing South Railway Station to Forbidden City & Tiananmen Square 

Beijing Bus / Subway Search 
Entrance Fee Free for visiting the square; CNY 15 for ascending the Tiananmen Tower
Opening Hours Flag-Raising Time - Flag-Lowering Time (Please refer to 2023 Timetable for Flag-Raising Ceremony for the schedule)
Recommended Time for a Visit Half an hour

Nearby Attractions:

Forbidden City - After touring the attractions around this square, tourists often choose to visit the Forbidden City, which is just to the north of the Tiananmen Tower.
China Railway Museum (Zheng Yang Gate Branch) - Located at the southeast side of this square, visitors can see abundant exhibitions about development history of China Railway.
Beijing Planning Exhibition Hall - To the southeast of the square, demonstrating the development history and the future urban planning of the city.
Dongjiaomin Lane and Xijiaomin Lane: Two Hutongs near the square.
Qianmen: To the south of the square, it is a popular shopping area marked by an ancient gate tower.
Lao She Teahouse: To the southwest of the square, it is a Beijing-style cultural teahouse.
Qianmen Food Streets: To the south of the square, many restaurants and small booths offer various Chinese cuisines and street foods.
- Last updated on Jul. 13, 2023 by Gabby Li -
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